Iron deficiency anaemia is one of the most common diseases in the world. According to WHO data, 20% of the worldwide population suffers from consequences caused by the lack of iron in a body. Globally, anaemia affects 1.62 billion people (95% CI: 1.50–1.74 billion), which corresponds to 24.8% of the population.
Here are the signs of low hemoglobin level:
- inexplicable and rapid fatigue;
- pale and dry skin;
- fragile hair and brittle nails;
- cracked mouth corners;
- diminished or altered sense of taste;
- irregular heartbeats, shortness of breath;
- anxiety and irritability;
- cognitive impairment
Most often iron deficiency can result from an imbalanced diet. Low hemoglobin in women
is associated with heavy menstrual bleeding or an acute need for iron during pregnancy and lactation. In children
, the cause of low hemoglobin is active body growth with insufficient intake of vitamins (B12 and C), and in this case Fe can not be entirely absorbed.